Step 1: Before Applying for an Examination Waiver
Who must be licensed as a contractor?
All businesses or individuals who construct or alter any building, highway, road, parking facility, railroad, excavation, or other structure in California must be licensed by the California Contractors State License Board (CSLB) if the total cost (labor and materials) of one or more contracts on the project is $500 or more. Contractors, including subcontractors, specialty contractors, and persons engaged in the business of home improvement (with the exception of joint ventures and projects involving federal funding) must be licensed before submitting bids. Licenses may be issued to individuals, partnerships, corporations, joint ventures, or limited liability companies (LLC's).
Who is exempt from licensing?
The following projects or individuals may be exempt from licensing:
- A project for which the combined value of labor, materials, and all other costs on one or more contracts is less than $500. Work on a larger project, may not be broken down to smaller amounts of less than $500 in an attempt to meet the $500 exemption;
- An employee who is paid wages, who does not usually work in an independently established business, and who does not have direction or control over the performance of work or who does not determine the final results of the work or project;
- Public personnel working on public projects;
- Officers of a court acting within the scope of their office;
- Public utilities working under specified conditions;
- Oil and gas operations performed by an owner or lessee;
- Owner-builders who build or improve existing structures on their own property if they either do the work themselves or use their own employees (paid in wages) to do the work;
- Sale or installation of finished products that do not become a fixed part of the structure;
- A seller of installed carpets who holds a retail furniture dealer's license but who contracts for installation of the carpet with a licensed carpet installer;
- Security alarm company operators (licensed by the Bureau of Security and Investigative Services) who install, maintain, monitor, sell, alter, or service alarm systems (fire alarm company operators must be licensed by CSLB); and
- Persons whose activities consist only of installing satellite antenna systems on residential structures or property. These persons must be registered with the Bureau of Electronic and Appliance Repair.
Requirements for Asbestos or other Hazardous Substances
Contractors who work with asbestos or other hazardous substances are regulated by the United States Department of Labor, Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration, and the California Department of Industrial Relations' Division of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), as well as by CSLB. These contractors are subject to a number of certification, registration, reporting, and safety requirements.
Following are some of CSLB's basic requirements:
- All new license applicants must complete the asbestos open book examination if it has not previously been done. The booklet, "Asbestos: A Contractor's Guide and Open Book Examination," contains general information about asbestos abatement standards. The examination and verification form must be completed and submitted to CSLB prior to licensure. If the form is not submitted, CSLB cannot issue a license, pursuant to Business and Professions Code section 7058.5.
- The open book examination does not certify a contractor to engage in asbestos-related work. The guide and the examination are designed to make contractors aware of the risks when working with asbestos, and to provide the knowledge base necessary to respond appropriately to construction situations where asbestos is or may be present.
- Asbestos abatement contractors must be certified by CSLB. To become certified, a contractor must take and pass an EPA-accredited asbestos abatement course; complete the Application for Asbestos Certification and pass a comprehensive asbestos abatement exam; and register with the Asbestos Contractor Registration Unit of DOSH.
- Contractors who perform hazardous substance removal work must be certified by CSLB; they must complete an Application for Hazardous Substance Removal Certification, and also must pass a CSLB certification examination. Any contractor who has a Class "A" General Engineering, "B" General Building, "C-36" Plumbing, "C-61 (D-40)" Service Station Equipment and Maintenance (only those licensees who currently hold this classification), "C-12" Earthwork and Paving, or "C-57" Well Drilling (water) license is eligible to be certified.
Contractors who install or remove underground storage tanks also must hold this certification. CSLB policy currently limits certified contractors doing underground storage tank work as follows:
- "A" General Engineering contractors may install and/or remove underground storage tanks for any purpose at any location.
- C-36 Plumbing contractors may install and/or remove any underground storage tank that provides service to a building--including storage tanks for service stations.
- C-61/D-40 Service Station Equipment and Maintenance contractors may install and/or remove fuel underground storage tanks at service stations or any other site up to a capacity of 20,000 gallons. (No new C-61/D-40 licenses are issued for these purposes.)
- "B" General Building contractors may, in the course of work performed under a contract that meets the requirements for the "B" classification, install and/or remove an underground storage tank if they have been properly certified for Hazardous Substance Removal and Remedial Actions.
What are the penalties for contracting without a license?
- A contractor license is not necessary as long as you don't advertise yourself as a licensed contractor and never contract for jobs costing $500 or more in combined labor and material costs.
- Unlicensed contracting is part of the illegal underground economy, and results in serious penalties. The Contractors State License Board (CSLB) pursues violators through its Statewide Investigative Fraud Team undercover sting operations and sweeps of active job sites every week.
- First-time offenses for contracting without a license are usually a misdemeanor, carrying a potential sentence of up to six months in jail and/or a $500 fine, along with a potential administrative fine of $200 to $15,000.
- Penalties increase with subsequent violations. A second conviction can mean a fine of 20 percent of the contract price of the work performed, or a $4,500 fine. Also, the unlicensed contractor can be sentenced to jail for no less than 90 days.
LAWS AND REGULATIONS - Felony charges can be filed against those who contract without a license where a state of emergency or disaster area has been designated by the Governor of California or the President of the United States. Felony convictions can result in a state prison term.
To whom is a license issued?
A license may be issued to an individual, partnership, corporation, joint venture, or a limited liability company (LLC). The license belongs to the owner of an individual license, to the partnership, to the corporation as it is registered with the California Secretary of State, or to the combination of licensees who are party to the joint venture.
If the ownership of a business changes, is the contractor's license considered to be part of the purchase?
No, with the possible exception of a corporation, the license is not considered part of the business. If the corporation's registration number assigned by the California Secretary of State remains the same, the same license can be used if the license is current and active. The officers and the qualifying individual do not necessarily have to remain the same, although a qualifying individual must be in place for the license to be valid.
To whom does the term "qualifying individual" refer?
A qualifying individual, or simply "qualifier," is the person listed in CSLB records who meets the experience and examination requirements for the license. There must be a qualifying individual for every classification on each license issued by CSLB.
What is the qualifying individual required to do?
The license's qualifying individual is responsible for the employer's (or principal's) construction operations.
Can the same person serve as the qualifier for more than one license?
A person may act as a qualifying individual for more than one active license only if one of the following conditions exists:
- There is a common ownership of at least 20 percent of the equity of each firm for which the person acts as a qualifier; or
- The additional firm is a subsidiary of or a joint venture with the first; or
- The majority of the partners or officers are the same.
Even if he or she meets the above conditions, A PERSON MAY SERVE AS THE QUALIFYING INDIVIDUAL FOR NO MORE THAN THREE FIRMS IN ANY ONE-YEAR PERIOD. If a qualifier disassociates from the third firm, he or she must wait one year before associating with a new third firm.
A Responsible Managing Employee (RME) can only act as a qualifying individual for one active license at a time.
Who can be a qualifying individual?
If you have an individual license, you may be the qualifier or you may designate a Responsible Managing Employee (RME).
If you have a partnership license, your qualifier may either be one of the general partners (who shall be designated as the qualifying partner) or the RME.
If you have a corporate license, your qualifier may be either one of the officers listed on the CSLB's records for your license (who shall be designated as the Responsible Managing Officer, or RMO), or an RME.
If your qualifying individual is a Responsible Managing Employee, he or she must be a bona fide employee of the firm and may not be the qualifier on any other active license. This means that the RME must be regularly employed by the firm and actively involved in the operation of the business at least 32 hours per week or 80 percent of the total business operating hours per week, whichever is less.
To qualify to become a licensed contractor an individual must be 18 years of age or older and have the experience and skills necessary to manage the daily activities of a construction business, including field supervision.
Are there any circumstances under which a waiver of the examination may be requested?
Yes, at the Registrar's discretion, if the qualifying individual meets the following criteria:
- The qualifying individual is a member of the immediate family of a licensee whose individual license was active and in good standing for five of the seven years immediately preceding the application;
- The qualifying individual must have been actively engaged in the licensee's business for five of the previous seven years and must be applying in the same classification; and
- The license must be required in order to continue the operations of an existing family business in the event of the absence or death of the licensee.
Are there any financial requirements to meet in order to qualify for a contractors license?
No, you don’t have to meet any financial requirements to qualify for a contractor’s license.
You will need to have a $15,000* (*Effective January 01, 2023 the required amount will increase to $25,000.) bond in place before you become licensed. The bond is filed for the benefit of consumers who may be damaged as a result of defective construction or other license law violations, and for the benefit of employees who have not been paid wages that are due to them. In lieu of a contractor’s bond, you may file a $15,000* (*Effective January 01, 2023 the required amount will increase to $25,000.) cash deposit with CSLB. The bond of a qualifying individual is $12,500* (*Effective January 01, 2023 the required amount will increase to $25,000.) . Please visit the Bond Requirement page for more information about bonds.
Will a conviction for a criminal offense prevent a person from being licensed as a contractor or from serving as a qualifying individual?
The CSLB's applications and other forms include questions regarding criminal convictions. The CSLB may deny a license if the crime is substantially related to the duties, functions and qualifications of a contractor. Failure to disclose the requested information may, in and of itself, be grounds for denial of a license.
Even if a crime is found to be substantially related to the duties, functions and qualifications of a contractor, an individual may be licensed if he or she has demonstrated sufficient rehabilitation. See Rule 869 in Chapter 13 of the California Contractors License Law & Reference Book.
In 2005, the Legislature mandated that all applicants for licenses and home improvement salesperson registrations would be required to submit fingerprints with each application. All new applicants for licensure, including each officer, partner, owner and responsible managing employee; and all home improvement salespersons will have to submit fingerprints.
Fingerprints are not required for:
- Individuals who are currently licensed by the CSLB, as long as they do not apply for any changes to their licenses; and
- Applicants for joint venture licenses.
The CSLB issues licenses to contract in particular trades or fields of the construction profession. Each separate trade is recognized as a "classification". You may add as many classifications to your license as you can qualify for.
Business & Professions Code Section 7055. For the purpose of classification, the contracting business includes any or all of the following branches:
Class "C" Specialty Contractor's License Classifications. You may obtain a license in any of the classifications listed below. For a detailed description of these classifications, click on the corresponding link.
- C-2 - Insulation and Acoustical Contractor
- C-4 - Boiler, Hot Water Heating and Steam Fitting Contractor
- C-5 - Framing and Rough Carpentry Contractor
- C-6 - Cabinet, Millwork and Finish Carpentry Contractor
- C-7 - Low Voltage Systems Contractor
- C-8 - Concrete Contractor
- C-9 - Drywall Contractor
- C10 - Electrical Contractor
- C11 - Elevator Contractor
- C12 - Earthwork and Paving Contractors
- C13 - Fencing Contractor
- C14 - Metal Roofing Contractor [repealed]
- C15 - Flooring and Floor Covering Contractors
- C16 - Fire Protection Contractor
- C17 - Glazing Contractor
- C20 - Warm-Air Heating, Ventilating and Air-Conditioning Contractor
- C21 - Building Moving/Demolition Contractor
- C23 - Ornamental Metal Contractor
- C26 - Lathing Contractor [repealed]
- C27 - Landscaping Contractor
- C28 - Lock and Security Equipment Contractor
- C29 - Masonry Contractor
- C31 - Construction Zone Traffic Control Contractor
- C32 - Parking and Highway Improvement Contractor
- C33 - Painting and Decorating Contractor
- C34 - Pipeline Contractor
- C35 - Lathing and Plastering Contractor
- C36 - Plumbing Contractor
- C38 - Refrigeration Contractor
- C39 - Roofing Contractor
- C42 - Sanitation System Contractor
- C43 - Sheet Metal Contractor
- C45 - Sign Contractor
- C46 - Solar Contractor
- C47 - General Manufactured Housing Contractor
- C50 - Reinforcing Steel Contractor
- C51 - Structural Steel Contractor
- C53 - Swimming Pool Contractor
- C54 - Ceramic and Mosaic Tile Contractor
- C55 - Water Conditioning Contractor
- C57 - Well Drilling Contractor
- C60 - Welding Contractor
- C-61 - Limited Specialty
- ASB - Asbestos Certification
- HAZ - Hazardous Substance Removal Certification
- HIC - Home Improvement Certification [repealed]