- Building Officials
- Owner-Builder Overview
This section provides answers to questions regarding owner-builder's and briefly describes the laws surrounding the practice.
Who is considered an owner-builder?
Any individual or group of individuals who own the property on which they plan to construct, alter, repair, improve, or remodel a building or structure is considered an owner-builder. Also, a tenant may be considered an owner-builder (case-by-case).
Is an owner-builder required to have a license?
An owner-builder is exempt from licensure, but there are limitations.
A license is not required if:
- The owner-builder does the work himself or herself or through his or her own employees with
wages as their sole compensation and the structure(s) is/are not intended for sale.
- The owner-builder contracts with properly licensed subcontractor(s).
(This exemption applies to the construction of a single-family residential structure and limits the number of structures intended or offered for sale to four or fewer in a calendar year.)
- The owner-builder contracts with a General Building ("B") contractor. (The number of structures is then unlimited.)
Is a homeowner required to obtain a license if he/she wants to improve his/her home?
A homeowner improving his or her principal place of residence is exempt from licensure if all of the following exist:
- The work is performed prior to sale;
- The homeowner resides in the residence for the 12 months prior to completion of the work; and,
- The homeowner has not taken advantage of this exemption on more than two structures during any three-year period.
Are there any trades that property owners are prohibited from performing themselves?
Property owners are prohibited from performing well-drilling work covered under the Well Drilling (C-57) classification.
Does the owner-builder exemption apply to an individual who builds homes for resale (spec homes) and are there any limitations?
The owner-builder exemption would apply to an individual who builds homes for resale under any of the following conditions:
- Licensed tradesmen are hired to perform all work on the project (provided no more than four structures per calendar year are intended for resale).
- A licensed general contractor is hired to perform and/or subcontract the completion of all work on the project. (No restriction on the number of structures completed per calendar year.)
- The owner-builder performs the work, all or in part, and resides in the completed structure for one year prior to resale. (Applies to not more than two structures in a three-year period.)